Anxiety is an experience of emotional distress associated with a premonition of danger or failure. It is subjectively perceived as tension, concern, worry, and is connected with feelings of helplessness and uncertainty. On the physiological level,anxiety reactions are manifested in rapid breathing and heartbeat, increased blood pressure, increase in the overall irritability, reduced sensitivity threshold, when previously neutral stimuli acquire a negative emotional feeling.
Mainly, anxiety is noted in women, especially aged 40 and more. However, it can occur at younger age as well as in men. Occurred once, anxiety tends to be prolonged with repeated (recurrent) course.
When using adequate methods of therapy, anxiety disorders are cured well. The most common therapeutic options for anxiety are:
Often the best way of treatment is a combination of cognitive-behavioral therapy with pharmacotherapy. However, a number of anxiety disorders can be cured without the use of pharmacotherapy, therefore it is recommended to prescribe the medications only when non-pharmacological methods have failed, as well as for emergency care and early stage of psychotherapy.