Arthritis is a group of more than 100 different diseases affecting joints. Arthritis can affect almost any part of the body. Some forms of arthritis can cause visible and feelable symptoms such as swelling, redness, irritation, warmth. Other arthritis types cause less noticeable symptoms but can slowly and insensibly damage your joints. Most type of arthritis diseases are chronic meaning that they develop over a long period of time.
Despite a large number of clinical and laboratory researches, still there is as very small information about pathogenesis and ethology of arthritis. In fact, for the last 20 years scientists managed to figure out some specific cause of certain arthritis diseases. For some types there are known risk factor that may increase the risk of arthritis developing, but are not inevitable. As there are more than 100 type of arthritis health care providers prefer to separated them into 4 main categories:
Inflammatory types of arthritis include: rheumatoid arthritis, gout, Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Lupus arthritis, spondyloarthropathies
Noninflammatory arthritis types include: osteoarthritis, neuropathic arthropathy, ochronosis, acute rheumatic fever.
Infectious arthritis refers to joint damages caused by pathogenic microorganisms such bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Group B streptococcus Pseudomonas aeruginosa Mycobacterium tuberculosis), fungi (Cryptococcosis., Histoplasmosis, Blastomycosis, Candidiasis), viral infections (HIV, hepatitis, chickenpox, Rubella)
Hemorrhagic types of arthritis are caused by bleedings in the joints. This arthritis type is associated with hemophilia A and hemophilia B, sickle cell anemia, pigmented villonodular synovitis
The symptoms of arthritis vary depending on type, however there is a number of symptoms common for the majority of arthritis diseases such as:
If any of these symptoms lasts more than two weeks, it is a sing to visit your physician. This will help to determine the disease at the initial stage and chose an appropriate treatment.